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TN Visa, NAFTA Professional visa


Overview: The nonimmigrant NAFTA Professional (TN) visa allows citizens of Canada and Mexico to work in United States in a prearranged business activity for a U.S. or foreign employer as NAFTA professionals. Spouses and unmarried children under the age of 21 of NAFTA Professionals (TN visa holders) may receive a TD visa.

Family: Spouse and unmarried children who are under 21 years of age may receive a TD visa. Dependents do not have to be citizens of Mexico or Canada. TD visa holder may not work in the United States, but can engage in full or part time study.

Period of Stay: initial stay of up to three years, may request for extension.

Green Card intent: Dual intent not permitted. Applicant has to establish that he or she will return home at some point in the future.

Statistics: In fiscal year 2010, 4,100 applicants applied for TN visa. United States issued 3,392 TN visa, and refused 708(402 were waived or overcome). During the same period, 3,027 applicants applied for TD visa. United States issued 2,572 TD Visa, and refused 455(304 were waived or overcome).

Applicant Qualification:
  1. Applicant is a citizen of Canada or Mexico;
  2. Profession is on the NAFTA list;
  3. Applicant has the qualifications of the profession1.
  4. Position in United States requires a NAFTA professional;
  5. Applicant will work in a prearranged full-time or part-time job


Who are not qualified:
  1. Self employment is not permitted;
  2. Permanent residents of Mexico or Canada are not qualified for TN visa.
  3. Applicant does not have the qualifications of the profession.

Requirement
  1. Mexican citizens require a visa to request admission to the U.S.
  2. Canadian citizens usually do not need a visa as a NAFTA Professional.
  3. A Canadian citizen with a non-Canadian spouse and child would need a visa, so his or her spouse and child could apply for TD visa.

How to Apply for TN Visa
Applicants may apply at consular sections around the world for a NAFTA professional (TN) visa. An interview at the U.S. Embassy or Consulate is required for visa applicants from age 14 to 79, with few exceptions. The first step in the visa application process is to make an appointment for an interview. An ink-free digital fingerprint scan will be quickly taken during the visa application process, usually at the interview.


Required Documentation
  1. Letter of Employment from US employer
  2. One (1) 2x2 photograph.
  3. A passport valid for travel to the U.S.
  4. Online Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application, Form DS-160.

Content of Employer Letter
  1. Activity in which the applicant shall be engaged.
  2. Purpose of entry
  3. Anticipated length of stay
  4. Educational qualifications or appropriate credentials demonstrating professional status
  5. Evidence of compliance with DHS regulations, and/or state laws
  6. Arrangements for pay
  7. Optional: proof of licensure to practice a given profession in the United States
  8. Optional: other documentation in support of a TN visa application

TN Profession List

Profession Minimum Education Requirements and alternative credentials
General
Accountant Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or C.P.A., C.A., C.G.A. or C.M.A.
Architect Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license 2
Computer Systems Analyst Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or PostSecondary Diploma 3 or PostSecondary Certificate 4 , and three years experience
Disaster Relief Insurance Claims Adjuster (claims Adjuster employed by an insurance company located in the territory of a Party, or an independent claims adjuster) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree, and successful completion of training in the appropriate areas of insurance adjustment pertaining to disaster relief claims; or three years experience in claims adjustment and successful completion of training in the appropriate areas of insurance adjustment pertaining to disaster relief claims.
Economist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Engineer Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Forester Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Graphic Designer Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or PostSecondary Diploma or PostSecondary Certificate, and three years experience
Hotel Manager Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree in hotel/restaurant management; or PostSecondary Diploma or PostSecondary Certificate in hotel/restaurant management, and three years experience in hotel/restaurant management
Industrial Designer Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or PostSecondary Diploma or PostSecondary Certificate, and three years experience
Interior Designer Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or PostSecondary Diploma or PostSecondary Certificate, and three years experience
Land Surveyor Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial/federal license
Landscape Architect Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Lawyer (including Notary in the Province of Quebec) LL.B., J.D., LL.L., B.C.L. or Licenciatura Degree (five years); or membership in a state/provincial bar
Librarian M.L.S. or B.L.S. (for which another Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree was a prerequisite)
Management Consultant Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or equivalent professional experience as established by statement or professional credential attesting to five years experience as a management consultant, or five years experience in a field of specialty related to the consulting agreement
Mathematician (including Statistician) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Range Manager/Range Conservationalist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Research Assistant (working in a post-secondary educational institution) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Scientific Technician/Technologist 5 Possession of (a) theoretical knowledge of any of the following disciplines: agricultural sciences, astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering, forestry, geology, geophysics, meteorology or physics; and (b) the ability to solve practical problems in any of those disciplines, or the ability to apply principles of any of those disciplines to basic or applied research
Social Worker Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Sylviculturist (including Forestry Specialist) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Technical Publications Writer Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or PostSecondary Diploma or PostSecondary Certificate, and three years experience
Urban Planner (including Geographer) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Vocational Counsellor Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
   
Medical/Allied Professional
Dentist D.D.S., D.M.D., Doctor en Odontologia or Doctor en Cirugia Dental; or state/provincial license
Dietitian Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Medical Laboratory Technologist (Canada)/Medical Technologist (Mexico and the United States) 6 Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience
Nutritionist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Occupational Therapist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Pharmacist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Physician (teaching or research only) M.D. or Doctor en Medicina; or state/provincial license
Physiotherapist/Physical Therapist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Psychologist State/provincial license; or Licenciatura Degree
Recreational Therapist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Registered Nurse State/provincial license; or Licenciatura Degree
Veterinarian D.V.M., D.M.V. or Doctor en Veterinaria; or state/provincial license
   
Scientist
Agriculturist (including Agronomist) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Animal Breeder Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Animal Scientist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Apiculturist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Astronomer Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Biochemist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Biologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Chemist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Dairy Scientist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Entomologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Epidemiologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Geneticist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Geologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Geochemist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Geophysicist (including Oceanographer in Mexico and the United States) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Horticulturist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Meteorologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Pharmacologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Physicist (including Oceanographer in Canada) Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Plant Breeder Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Poultry Scientist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Soil Scientist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Zoologist Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
   
Teacher
College Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Seminary Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
University Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree

1: Requirements for NAFTA professional do not include licensure. Licensure to practice a given profession in the U.S. is a post-entry requirement subject to enforcement by the appropriate state or other sub-federal authority.

Last Updated: 8/29/2014.


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